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Friday, December 7

Interesting facts about National and State animal icons in India

Short URL for the story:

What you find below is the answers to a quiz on National/State animals of India

Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus, National Heritage animal of India,
Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) :
The National Heritage animal of India, 

  1.  Elephant. It was declared as the National heritage animal by MoEF on 21-10-2010.
  1. River Dolphin. Also known as Gangetic dolphin, it has got the title from MoEF on 10-05-2010.
  1.  Black Buck. Black Buck is the state animal for Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
  1. Great Indian Bustard which is the state bird of Rajasthan. As of December 2012, it stays critically endangered
  1. You guessed it correct that some island would be the answer. Butterfly fish which is the state animal of Laksha Dweep islands is the only non-mammal among the state animals in India.
  1. Koel. Koel is the state bird for national capital region of Delhi and states of Jharkhand and Karnataka
  1. Great Indian Bustard again. Unfortunately, authorities felt that GIB doesn’t have the looks to be a national bird. Moreover, the cultural context also backed peacocks candidature for the coveted title, apart from its beauty. Interestingly, Salim Ali was prophetic in suggesting GIB. The bird which was once distributed from Southern states of Karnataka to northern plains found its population plummeting down due to encroachment of grasslands in the coming years. Now it is on the verge of extinction with a critically endangered status in IUCN Red data list.  If GIB was declared as the national bird instead of pea cock, that would have helped it to survive the test of time and human greed.
  1. Lion was India’s national animal till 1972. In 1973, tiger was re-notified as India’s national animal.
    blackbuck, Antilope cervicapra, state animal of Haryana, state animal of Andhra Pradesh, state animal of Punjab
    blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).
  1. Daman and Diu
  1.  Mizoram and Manipur. Hume’s Bar Tailed pheasant which is also called Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant is the state bird for these two states.
  1. Again an island. Andaman and Nicobar has declared Sea Cow as their state animal. Though it is an aquatic animal, it is a mammal.
  1. Eight. Four Asiatic Lions standing back to back. It is interpreted that the four lions symbolize Power, Courage, Pride and Confidence. Apart from the four lions, the original emblem on the stupa depicts four more animals – one bull, one elephant, one bull and one horse as guardians of four directions. However, in the national emblem, as adopted by the government has three visible lions, one bull and one horse only.

Andhra Pradesh
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
Indian roller/blue Jay (Coracias benghalensis)
Arunachal Pradesh
Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock hoolock)
Great Indian Hornbill
(Buceros bicornis)
Indian One Horned Rhinoceros
(Rhinoceros unicornis)
White winged wood duck (Asarcornis scutulata)
Gaur (Bos frontalis / Bos gaurus)
Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Hill myna (Gracula religiosa)
Gaur (Bos frontalis / Bos gaurus)
Ruby Throated Yellow bulbul
(Brachypus gularis / Pycnonotus gularis)
Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus rubber)
Black Buck (Antilope cervicapra)
Black Patridge/ Black Francolin
(Francolinus francolinus)
Himachal Pradesh
Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia/ Felis uncia)
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus )
Jammu and Kashmir
Kashmir Stag (Cervus elaphus hanglu)
Black Necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)
Indian Elephant  (Elephas maximus)
Koel  (Eudynamys scolopacea)
Spotted Deer (Axis axis)
Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)
Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
The Great Indian Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
Madhya Pradesh
Swamp Deer  (Cervus duvaucelii)
Paradise fly catcher (Terpsiphone paradise)
The giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica)
Great Imperial Pegion (Ducula aenea)
Sangai (Cervus eldi eldi)
Hume’s Bar Tailed pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae)
Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)
Serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis)
Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae)
Mithun (bos frontalis)
Blyth’s Tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
Sambar (Cervus unicolor/ Rusa unicolor)
Indian roller ( blue Jay) (Coracias benghalensis)
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
Eastern Goshwak (Astrus gentilis gentilis)
Chinkara (Gazella bennettii)
Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)
Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)
Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus affinis)
Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius / Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
Emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica)
Phayre’s Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)
Green Imperial Pegion  (Ducula aenea)
Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster (?)   /Moschus leucogaster)
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
Uttar Pradesh
Swamp Deer  (Cervus duvaucelii)
Sarus Crane (Grus antigone)
West Bengal
Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)
White throated King fisher (Hlacyon smyrensis)
Andaman and Nicobar islands
Dungong (Sea Cow) (Dugong dugong / Trichehus dugong)
Andaman wood Pigeon (Carpophaga palumbodies / Columba palumbodies)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Striped Hyna (Hyaena hyaena)
Lesser Golden Backed Woodpecker (Dinopium benghalensis)
Daman and Diu
Yet to be declared
Yet to be declared
Laksha Dweep
Butterfly Fish
Sooty tern (Onychoprion fuscatus / Sterna fuscata nubilosa)
Blue bull/ Neelgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
Shaheen ( Falcon) (Falco peregrinus peregrinator)
Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum)
Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)

    Now don’t forget to post your reactions in the comment section below. 

Venkataraman, K., Chattopadhyay, A. and De, J. K. 2012. National and State Animals of India: 1-173.( Published by the Director, Zool. Surv. India, Kolkata)


  1. Sir, you have no idea what a great service you have done to me through this blog. Myself Amoghavarsha and i'm preparing for civil services exams. Environment ecology and biodiversity holds a lion's share in this exam. But, unfortunately there is dearth of sources to prepare efficiently for this subject. Thankfully, this blog has just brought a new life into my studies. Thankyou very much :)

    1. Dear Amogh Varsha,

      Glad to know that our efforts helped you in your preparations. All the best.

  2. State animal of Nagaland is Bos frontalis

    1. Dear Pete Chase,

      Thanks for pointing out the error.
      We have made the correction now.
      In fact, we have preapred the article based on the book published by Zoological Survey of India, as mentioned in the bottom of the article. [find it here - ]. The book says the state animal for Nagalad is Bear Cat [page 74-75]. However, the official documents in the annexure of the book shows that Bos Frontalis is the state animal of Nagaland [page 156].

      Thanks again for pointing out the mistake.


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